Qus is a city in the modern Qena Governorate, located on the east bank of the Nile. Its modern name derives from Coptic Gesa. It was an important city in the early part of Egyptian history, serving as the point of departure for expeditions to the Red Sea. The city gradually lost its importance, only to regain it in the 13th century with the opening of an alternate commercial route to the Red Sea. Since then, Qus replaced Qift as the primary commercial center for trading with Africa, India, and Arabia. It thus became the second most important Islamic city in medieval Egypt, after Cairo.
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